Category: Cancer and a Brief Description

Blog, Cancer and a Brief Description, Common Types of Cancer

The 6 Most Common Types of Cancer and a Brief Description of Which Part of the Body It Affects

In past years more than 200 types of cancer have been identified. Some are more severe and deadly than others. We take a look at the most common types of cancer that are diagnosed today.

Skin Cancer

Non-melanoma skin cancer affects more than 1 million people every year. The cancer cells form in the skin. Squamous skin cancer is found in the cells on top of the skin. Basal cell skin cancer forms in cells deeper under the skin. The most common reason for skin cancer to develop is extensive or dangerous exposure to the sun.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is one of the more dangerous cancers as it forms in the lining of the lungs. We use our lungs to breathe and stay alive. This is why it is so dangerous. More than 150 000 people die of this type of cancer every year.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. There are different factors that can lead to the development of breast cancer. It can be genetic or the result of unhealthy habits and ingesting cancer-causing chemicals. Despite popular belief, men can also get breast cancer. Approximately 2000 men are diagnosed every year.

Prostate Cancer

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license.

This is the most common type of cancer in men. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Cancer develops inside the prostate gland. This is most common in men over 50 years of age.

Melanoma

This is also a type of skin cancer. It forms in the melanocyte cells of the skin. These cells produce the pigment melanin. This type of cancer often starts in moles and can also form in the intestines or eyes. It forms where there is a lot of pigment present.

Leukemia

There are different types of leukemia. Leukemia is commonly known as blood cancer. It forms inside the bone marrow or other cells that produce blood cells. Leukemia affects both adults and children and claims more children under the age of 20 than any other type of cancer.

For more information about cancer types, visit our Useful Resources page.